I sat in on the JISC RSC Wales Lunchtime Byte webinar this week, delivered by David Kernohan of JISC, “Online learning at scale: responding to the MOOC invasion”.
My experience of MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) so far consists of: lots of tweets washing over me about #oldsmooc #edcmooc etc; worried mentions of MOOCs threatening UK HE in various meetings here and there and, of course, I signed up for one a couple of weeks ago. I signed up quite last minute for the #teachtheweb MOOC which sounded great – interesting, short, very relevant to my work – but yet I failed at the first hurdle, getting to grips with Google Plus (it baffles me). So now my experience of that MOOC is receiving jaunty emails telling me the fun next stage I’m not taking part in.
I signed up for the webinar mainly because it was being run by David Kernohan, who I thought would probably give a good, honest opinion of the issues surrounding MOOCs and I was right.
The main gist was how to respond to the MOOC ‘hysteria’ – I won’t attempt to summarise the hour long session – it’s here for you to view.
However, here are some of the key issues that I picked up – these are David’s views as I have interpreted them (I hope he’ll correct me if I’ve misquoted him!):
- MOOCs aren’t the future of HE. David stated from the outset was that MOOCs are not a fix for everything. They are good at certain things, but are not the future for the entirety of HE. It’s ok to be cynical about it.
- MOOC is meaningless. Although it stands for Massive Open Online Course, the term has essentially become meaningless – there are courses that aren’t massive, aren’t open and aren’t even courses. David is expecting the first offline MOOC to come anyday…
- MOOCs & the Open Education Movement. I mistakenly assumed MOOCs were run using Open Educational Resources, but this was clarified. There are 3 strands to open education: Reusable Learning Objects, Commons and diyU. These have mingled into the Open Education Movement. However this is not a coherent movement – you can’t see OER & MOOCs on a continuum as part of the same thing.
- Dark side of the MOOC. It’s not just about expanding access: it’s about looking to replace structures that currently support education, which are not perfect but do a lot of good. The marketing language used by many MOOC course providers talks about how “HE is broken”, “HE is ripe for innovation”, how MOOCs revolutionise conventional models.
- What’s new in terms of pedagogy? Nothing much, the new parts are the hype and the funding/delivery model. Funding is coming from venture capital & large companies. Students either don’t pay or pay for accreditation. Later discussion highlighted that the teaching methods often involve a high level of transmission, involving for example watching pre-recorded lectures. In terms of the learning experience, a feeling of disconnection from the course tutors is common. The experience can often be inflexible and impersonal.
- Who takes parts in MOOCs? David reported that those taking in MOOCs are generally well-educated and from Western countries, so there are questions around the extent to which they are widening participation. Is a MOOC actually better for experienced learners as it requires self-regulation? In terms of numbers, enrolments are usually high but participation and completion rates tail off dramatically. For example, the University of Edinburgh’s #edcmooc had 42k enrolments, 17k participants and 2k completions.
- Defining / measuring achievement. There was some discussion of this issue in the webinar – completion rates were highlighted as being low, but is completion a red herring? (A pale pink herring was suggested…)What are they completing? People get what they want out of course and that may not require completion. David argued that the experience should be good enough that you should want to complete.
- The cost of MOOCs. As mentioned, courses are usually free for students, paying only for accreditation. In terms of costs to institutions, the development cost is indeed born by the educational institution and not the MOOC provider. Some providers give the impression that the course will run itself but in fact a lot more intervention is required from tutors. Learn about the Edinburgh experience in Jeff Hayward’s blog post There’s no such thing as a free MOOC David observed that the Pearson Vue testing centre is used by several MOOC providers, so they seem to be the ones making the money!
- Can any institution run a MOOC? This was news to me, but the two high profile providers, Coursera and FutureLearn, are both invite-only. Outside of the US, Coursera will only approach the top 5 institutions in each country to run a MOOC. Udacity is not open to institutions, only to individual academics who have to apply & don’t accept everyone. Blackboard & other commercial offerings, such as OpenClass and Instructure Canvas, are open to everyone – Sheffield University is offering courses on Blackboard Coursesites and Edge Hill runs the Vampire Fictions MOOC from its own Blackboard VLE. David noted that the marketing from these commercial options talks more about offering service to institutions, not about changing things that are broken.
- xMOOCs & cMOOCs. Is it possible to have a MOOC that’s not completely inflexible and impersonal? Yes – a connectivist MOOC. Pioneered by George Siemens and Stepehen Downes (among others), the theory is that knowledge is emergent, coming from students and staff talking to each other and reflecting, with #oldsmooc cited as an example. The delivery of c-MOOCs tends to involve a mix of web-scale methods eg twitter, blogs, bookmarking sites. Martin Hawksey provided a link to his blog post outlining various technologies used in c-MOOCs.cMOOCs tend to be smaller scale and involved talking to people and the formation of communities. David warned that cMOOCs are not a panacea – they are suited to advanced learners, who are comfortable online and used to sharing a lot of experiences online, which is not for everyone. In terms of pedagogy, c-MOOCs do tend to involve less transmission than in the xMOOCs, such as Coursera. (The term xMOOC was also new to me and I found this blog post on xMOOCs vs cMOOCs useful.)
- Is it just distance learning? Have MOOCs now become unintentionally funny as there is so much talk about them? Are they actually just distance learning?! David suggests the they hype shouldn’t be taken too seriously – it’s a diversion. Should it be treated more as an outreach tool? Telling more people about what university can be like and to come and engage. They are not likely to be the entirety of the future of HE.
For a more balanced view on MOOCs David recommended the following links:
- JISC CETIS: MOOCs and Open Education http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2013/667
- JISC infoNet: infokit on MOOCs http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/topics/moocs
- History of open education (DK & Amber Thomas) http://repository.jisc.ac.uk/4915/
Links to the full recording, presentation slides and web links referred to during the session are on the RSC Wales site.
I found the session really interesting and certainly feel I have more understanding of the issues and hype surrounding MOOCs. RSC Wales did a great job hosting the event and I’ll certainly look out for more of their Lunch Time Bytes. The dark side for me was that I spent the rest of the day singing “C-Mooc, oh C-Mooc….”